- The Gothic Revival, This is relatively easy to identify for collectors.
- Now that is fine if talking to a fellow dealer or even somebody with an in depth knowledge of history, but what about to the ordinary man on the street.
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Machine made furniture produced largely after will have components that match more perfectly than those made by hand. It was mainly reproductions of older styles which were mass produced as machinery was used in full force. The walnuts quickly became almost entirely superseded by the exotic newcomer, which remained the favourite choice for the next century, especially in England and America. Honing your wood identification skills can really pay off in this area.
Ashbee and others, which sought to revive the importance of craftsmanship in a time of increasing mechanization and mass production. Streamlined objects are often characterized by an aerodynamic appearance, with blunt, rounded and smoothly finished forms, and chrome highlight decoration. It was visible in architecture, free arizona dating the decorative arts and products.
The thick panels created were then steamed in molds to create the illusion of carving. Biedermeier A style of decorative arts popular in Germany and Austria in the s to s. Powered by Online Galleries.
Art Nouveau, Just as the Art Nouveau period is known for women with long hair, flowers and curves, so is Art Nouveau furniture. The first screws were crafted in the s by blacksmiths using square nail stock that was heated and pounded until it was somewhat round. When a piece of furniture is made in England, or styled after an English example, it may be known as Hepplewhite.
Furniture Periods & British Monarchs
Black walnut, oak, maple, and ash were common building materials of the time with rosewood inlays for contrast. But there are a number of other factors to consider as well, pothead dating including the tools that were used to craft a piece and what the individual components look like. Supporting columns on the corners of dressers and glass in place of raised panels were also hallmarks of this period. Straight saw marks also indicate an old piece. Art Deco The term widely used to describe the architectural and decorative arts style that emerged in France in the s.
How to Determine the Age of Antique Furniture
The legs of this period are substantial and more flowing than those found in the Federal or Sheraton periods. In Germany the style was called Jugendstil. Woods used were again dark, but more native woods, such as oak, maple and pine, were incorporated. Fine old works are often French-polished, a variation of the shellac finish.
Generally only the finest fabrics were used for the upholstery and were rich and strong in colour although in later years they became more subtle. The highly accomplished metal work and the pottery are distinctive for their stylised, dating site hashtags curvilinear surface decoration. Chair rails were more often mortised through the back legs when made in Philadelphia.
It was used to make objects vehicles, household appliances and electrical equipment appear unified and modern and to increase their consumer appeal. It reflected an interest in ancient, particularly Egyptian, motifs. Legs are straight and feet are small, if present at all, as they were often a simple extension of the leg. Upholstery in this period was from a variety of opulent fabrics, including velvet, tapestries, leather and linen. Legs of this period tend to be straight or tapered to the foot.
Rejecting Modernism, it sought to express the democratic spirit of the age, replacing Modernist values with its own aspirations of fun, change, variety, irreverence, and disposability. The Pennsylvania Dutch period was marked by heavy German influences. Woods tend to be maple, walnut, white pine or southern yellow pine. And, realize that those masterpieces are actually few and far between.
Most antique wooden furniture you will encounter, will either be from traditional English periods or American Colonial styles. Most antique furniture tends to be purchased by ordinary everyday people, rather than dedicated antique furniture collectors. When trying to identify antique furniture, dedicated antique hunters search for beautifully preserved pieces, armed with pins, magnifying glasses, spirit levels and all sorts of testing equipment. Historical periods or the periods of man can also be closely correlated but again rarely define the period of antique production.
It is characterized by elements reminiscent of Greek architecture, such as pilasters, flutes, column, acanthus, foliate scrolls, Greek key motifs and anthemion high-relief carving. Styles were characterized by rich carvings including swirls, leaves and sometimes shells. American furniture manufacturers were enthusiastic about this style, since it was so easy to adapt for mass production. The style began in France and England, but eventually migrated to America where it evolved into two other furniture styles, Naturalistic and Renaissance Revival.
Tips & Advice on Identifying Antique Furniture
12 Periods of American Furniture
The paintings are characterized by a sense of movement and abstract, geometric forms. Finishes were natural, fumed or painted. The movement superseded Rationalism as the architectural style favoured by the Italian Fascists. Tallboys disappeared and bookcases and cabinets became smaller.
The 12 Periods of American Furniture
Inlays were popular when made of ebony or maple veneer. Bedroom suites and dining furniture became very popular. Forms tend to be attenuated in New England. The cocktail table first enters the furniture scene during this period.
- This period relied on intricate inlays and veneers along with shapely turnings to decorate what were primarily straight lines.
- Two new furniture forms were created in this period.
- Instead, this period relied heavily on Asian and African influences.
- Art periods although along similar lines are generally historical or literary periods and rarely define a time when specific antiques were produced.
This style of furniture is much more delicate than its predecessor. More than likely, you will discover that you own a later revival piece although it's awfully fun to dream big when you begin your research. This can mean that they were handcrafted prior to or so. Futurism An Italian art movement founded in by the writer Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, which aimed to celebrate the machinery, speed and violence of the modern age.
Reflecting the architectural ornamentation of the period, inlays were popular, as was carving and even painted highlights. Looking at the bottom or back of a piece, or inside its doors and drawers, can provide important clues about whether or not a piece of old furniture was machine cut or crafted by hand. Ornamentation and high relief carving included flowers, fruits, game, classical busts, acanthus scrolls, strapwork, tassels and masks. The finish on the wood can also date the piece.
Woods are dark and often ebonized. Cuts and nicks can also leave proof that hand chisels and other tools operated with sheer elbow grease were used to shape woods. The Early American period was really the first period where a distinct style began to appear within furniture pieces in the colonies that went beyond mere practicality. Expect to find straight legs or fluted and slightly tapered legs. Makers in Connecticut and New York often preferred slipper and claw and ball feet.